Grewelthorpe Women at work.

The types of work available to women in a rural community such as Grewelthorpe was very limited.
\nObviously with farming families the women from the Farmer’,s wife down had to help by working on the farm.
\nFor unmarried girls straight from school there was little to do apart from house servants and domestic work.
\nThen they would probably marry and their work would be household duties and raising a large family of children.
\nSome unfortunate women were widowed early and they would have to seek work or re-marry. The work available for these women would be needlework, dressmaking, millinery etc. Or they would become someones housekeeper, take in laundry etc.

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The census returns show us the work done by Grewelthorpe women in these hard times.

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It can be seen from these records, from 1851 to 1911, that the work for women was very limited and this did not change until the 2 world wars caused a huge upheaval in our social history. In the 1st World war, 1914-1918, Most of the young men enlisted and went to fight in France.
\nNot many families were untouched by this mass exodus and huge changes had to be made in the workforce with women stepping in to do the work previously done by the men. In the Second world war, 1939-1945, this was even more marked and women went to work in factories, shops, secretarial work. of course women joined the armed forces as well. The work place was never the same again, no longer did girls work as housemaids and servants. When they left school there were many more opportunities for them. Public transport made it easier to tavel into towns and cities for work.

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1851 CENSUS.

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SARAH APPLETON. unmarried age 30?. House servant.
\nARABELLA ASCOUGH. widow age 50. Former grocer.
\nMARY ASCOUGH. unmarried age 22. House servant.
\nSARAH ASCOUGH. unmarried age 15. House servant.
\nMARGARET ASHBY. unmarried 21. House servant.
\nANN BECK. umarried age 19. House servant.
\nDOROTHY BECK. unmarried age 33. Dressmaker.
\nJANE BENSON. unmarried age 17. House servant.
\nANN BLACKBURN. widow age 64. Grocer.
\nSARAH BROWN. unmarried age 35. House servant.
\nANN BURTON. unmarried age 12. House servant.
\nELIZABETH BURTON. married age 37. Straw Bonnet maker.
\nELIZABETH BURTON. unmarried age 16. Straw Bonnet maker.
\nMARY ANN CALVERT. unmarried age 17. Dressmaker.
\nMARIA JACKSON. unmarried age 21. Straw Bonnet maker.
\nELIZABETH GELDART. widow age 79. Charwoman.
\nANN GILL. unmarried age 14. House servant.
\nELIZABETH IMESON. unmarried age 44. Dressmaker.
\nJANE IMESON. unmarried age 23. Dressmaker.
\nELIZABETH LEATHLEY. Married age 29. Milliner.
\nMARGARET LEEMING. unmarried age 15. House servant.
\nMARY METCALFE. unmarried age 25. House servant.
\nELIZABETH PARNABY. widow age 50. House servant.
\nMARY ANN SPENCE. unmarried age 22. House servant.
\nELIZABETH SWAIN. unmarried age 25. House servant.
\nJANE THACKRAY. unmarried age 16. House servant.
\nELIZABETH THEAKSTONE. widow age 51. House servant.
\nMARY ANN THOMPSON. unmarried ae 19. House servant.
\nBETSY WATSON. age 12. House servant.
\nESTHER WATSON. unmarried age ? House servant.
\nELIZABETH WRIGHT. unmarried age 31. Housemaid.

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18 House servants. 1 Housemaid. 1 Charwoman. 1 Milliner.
\n4 Dressmakers. 3 Straw Bonnet makers. 2 grocers.

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1861 Census.

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ESTHER ASCOUGH. unmarried age 26. Housekeeper.
\nANN BLACKBURN. widow age 74. Grocer &, Farmer.
\nJANE BLACKBURN. unmarried age 51. Former cook.
\nJANE BOLTON. unmarried age 35. Housekeeper.
\nELIZABETH BURTON. unmarried age 26. Dairymaid.
\nMARY CALVERT. Widow age 45. Farmer.
\nRUTH CALVERT. Unmarried age 19 Housekeeper.
\nMARY CARLING. unmarried age 15. Maid of all work.
\nISABELLA CARTWRIGHT. Widow age 84. Retired publican.
\nHANNAH COLDBECK. married age 34. Schoolmistress.
\nMARY DAWES. unmarried age 17. Dairymaid.
\nMARIA FRYER. unmarried age 37. House servant.
\nEIZABETH GARGRAVE. widow age 41. Charwoman.
\nELIZABETH GELDART. unmarried age 63. House servant.
\nELIZABETH GRAHAM. unmarried age 14. Dairymaid.
\nMAR ELIZABETH HAMMOND. unmarried age 16. Ladiesmaid.
\nBELL JACKSON. unmarried age 25. House servant.
\nELIZABETH JACKSON. unmarried age 15. Straw Bonnet maker.
\nELIZABETH B. KENDRAY. unmarried age 32. Dressmaker.
\nELIZABETH LEATHLEY. unmarried age 36. House servant.
\nCATHARINE LONGSTAFF. Married age 33. Dressmaker.
\nELIZABETH MOORE. unmarried age 19. Dairymaid.
\nBEATRICE PALLISER. widow age 50. Housekeeper.
\nELIZABETH PENNINGTON. unmarried age 16. Dairymaid.
\nELIZABETH RAYNER. unmarried age 14. House servant.
\nSARAH RICHARDSON. unmarried age 23. House servant.
\nMARY RICHMOND. unmarried age 16. Dairymaid.
\nJANE RIDSDALE. unmarried age 16. Maid of all work.
\nCATHARINE SWALES. Widow age 37. Agricultural labourer.
\nMARY ANN THOMPSON. unmarried age 29. House servant.
\nANN URWIN. unmarried age 19. Housekeeper.
\nELIZABETH WADE. unmarried age 22. Housekeeper.
\nNANCY WADE. unmarried age 20. Dairymaid.
\nFRANCES WARD. unmarried age 38. House keeper.
\nAGNES PICKERSGILL WATSON. unmarried age 27. Housekeeper.
\nFRANCES WEBSTER. unmarried age 25. House servant.
\nISABELLA WEBSTER. unmarried age 19 House servant.
\nHANNAH WOOD. unmarried age 20. dairymaid.
\nMARY WOOD. unmarried age 14. House servant.
\nMARGARET WRIGHT. Widow age 79. Housekeeper.

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10 House servants. 8 Housekeepers. 1 Ladiesmaid. 2 Maids of all work. 1 Charwoman. 8 Dairymaids. 1 Schoolmistress. 2 Farmers.
\n1 Ag. Labourer. 1 Grocer. 1 Cook. 1 Publican.
\n1 Straw Bonnet maker.

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1871 Census.

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MARY ASCOUGH. unmarried age 43. Housekeeper.
\nDOROTHY BECK. unmarried age 53. Dressmaker.
\nMARTHA JANE BECKWITH. unmarried age 17. Dressmaker.
\nHANNAH BENSON. unmarried age 17. General servant.
\nHANNAH BRAITHWAITE. Married age 54. Dressmaker.
\nMARY ANNE DAWES. unmarried age 57. Straw Plaiter.
\nELIZABETH IMESON. Widow age 44. Charwoman.
\nANNIE FIRBY. unmarried age 19. Assistant to cream cheese maker.
\nELIZABETH FIRBY. unmarried age 46. Housekeeper.
\nANNE GARGRAVE. unmarried age 19. Dressmaker.
\nELIZABETH GARGRAVE. Widow age 51. Housekeeper.
\nEMILY HAMMOND. unmarried age 20. General servant.
\nJANE INGRAM. age 19. Dairymaid.
\nANN JACKSON. Widow age 74. Housekeeper.
\nELIZABETH JACKSON. unmarried age 25. Straw Bonnet maker.
\nSARAH JACKSON. unmarried age 15. Housekeeper.
\nELIZABETH KENDRAY. unmarried age 42. Dressmaker.
\nELIZABETH LEATHLEY. unmarried age 45. Housekeeper.
\nJANE LOFTHOUSE. Assistant in grocers shop.
\nANN LONSDALE. unmarried age 60. Housekeeper.
\nFRANCES MANN. widow age 65. Retired farmer.
\nHANNAH METCALFE. unmarried age 44. Dressmaker.
\nPOLLY METCALFE. unmarried age 17. Dressmaker.
\nJANE MOOREY. unmarried age 22. Housekeeper.
\nSARAH RICHARDSON. unmarried age 33. Housekeeper.
\nSUSANNAH ROBSON. married age 30. Straw plaiter.
\nANN ROE. unmarried age 60. Housekeeper.
\nMARY RUSHWORTH. unmarried age 22. Schoolmistress.
\nELIZABETH SAYERS. unmarried age 22. House servant.
\nMARY ANN THOMPSON. unmarried age 39. Housekeeper.
\nSARAH TOWLER. unmarried age 38. Straw Plaiter.
\nFRANCES WARD. unmarried age 56. Housekeeper.

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12 Housekeepers. 3 servants. 4 straw plaiters &, bonnet makers.
\n1 schoolmistress. 7 Dressmakers. 1 Assist. grocer. 1 Dairymaid.
\n1 Charwoman. 1 assist. cheese maker. 1 retired farmer.

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1881 Census.

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EMMA ASCOUGH. widow age 39. Housekeeper.
\nAMELIA BARKER. unmarried age 20. Domestic servant.
\nELIZABETH BAUL. widow age 70. Farmer retired.
\nJANE BLACKBURN. unmarried age 70. Farmer &, Grocer. retired.
\nELIZABETH BRAITHWAITE. unmarried age 15. General servant.
\nFRANCES BROTHERTON. unmarried age 15. Kitchenmaid.
\nMARGARET BROTHERTON. unmarried age 20. Waiting maid.
\nELLEN CALVERT. age 12. domestic servant.
\nMARY JANE CALVERT. age 21. Housemaid.
\nELIZABETH CAYGILL. unmarried age 16. Domestic servant.
\nISABELLA COLDBECK. unmarried age 46. House servant.
\nELIZABETH DOUTHWAITE. unmarried age 36. General Servant.
\nLOUISA ANN EDWARDS. unmarried 37. Farmers wife assistant.
\nANN ELLIS. unmarried age 77. Lodging House keeper. retired.
\nELIZABETH FIRB Y. unmarried age 56. Cream cheese maker.
\nEDITH GOODMAN. unmarried age 23. Dressmaker.
\nSARAH HARDCASTLE. unmarried age 17. Domestic servant.
\nELIZABETH ANN HAYNES. unmarried age 15. Domestic servant.
\nELIZABETH IMESON. widow age 53. Charwoman.
\nJANE IMESON. unmarried age 21. Dressmaker.
\nMARY JANE JAMES. unmarried age 19. Domestic servant.
\nANN JACKSON. unmarried age 32. Housekeeper.
\nJULIA LEATHLEY. unmarried age 15. Pupil teacher.
\nMARY LEATHLEY. unmarried age 29. Schoolmistress.
\nSARAH E.J.LEATHLEY. unmarried age 20. Housemaid.
\nFRANCES MANN. widow age 74. Retired farmer.
\nHANNAH METCALFE. unmarried age 54. Dressmaker.
\nMARY METCALFE. unmarried age 25. Dressmaker.
\nHANNAH MOORE. unmarried age 23. Domestic servant.
\nMARGARET NELSON. widow age 46. Grocer shopkeeper.
\nMARGARET RENDER. unmarried age 13. General servant.
\nREBECCA ROBSON. unmarried age 17. General servant.
\nELIZABETH B. THACKRAY. married age 52. Dressmaker.
\nLIZZIE THWAITES. unmarried age 19. Dressmaker.
\nMARGARET WRIGHT. widow age 54. Innkeeper.
\nMARGARET A. WRIGHT. unmarried age 17. Milliner.

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16 House servants. 2 Housekeepers. 1 Charwoman. 1 Milliner. 1 Innkeeper. 1 Lodging House keeper. 1 schoolmistress. 1 pupil teacher. 6 dressmakers. 3 retired farmers. 2 grocers. 1 cream cheese maker. 1 farm assistant.

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1891 Census.

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HANNAH BAUL. married age 57. Farm Assistant.
\nLUCY BAUL. age 15 Farm assistant.
\nISABELLA COLDBECK. unmarried age 56. Housekeeper.
\nALICE HANNAH DALE unmarried age 30. School teacher.
\nKATHERINE DALE. unmarried age 26. School teacher.
\nELLEN FRYER. unmarried age 20. Dressmaker.
\nELIZA GOLDTHORPE. Widow age 39. Housekeeper.
\nJANE HARRISON. unmarried age 21. General servant.
\nSELINA HIGHLEY. unmarried age 50. Housekeeper.
\nJANE HOLDSWORTH. Married age 33. Dressmaker.
\nFANNY HUNT. unmarried age 18. House &, Parlourmaid.
\nSARAH HUTTON. unmarried age 55. Housekeeper.
\nELIZABETH IMESON. widow age 64. Charwoman.
\nLAURA INGRAM. unmarried age 22. School teacher/governess.
\nJANE KIPLNG. Widow age 38. Innkeeper.
\nANNIE LEATHLEY. Unmarried age 33. Post office assistant.
\nELIZABETH LEATHLEY. unmarried age 66. Laundress.
\nSARAH E.J.LEATHLEY. Uumarried age 30. Dressmaker.
\nELLEN METCALFE. Unmarried age 22. Domestic servant.
\nMARY ANN MYERS. unmarried age 15. General servant.
\nANN PEARSON. unmarried age 21. Housekeeper.
\nAGNES SMITH. unmarried age 21 Cook &, dom. servant.
\nELIZABETH THACKRAY. Widow age 62. Dressmaker.
\nMARY A.THACKRAY. unmarried age 42. Domestic servant.
\nMARY JANE WOODWARD. unmarried age 16. General servant.

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2 Farm assistants. 6 Domestic/general assistants. 1 Cook. 5 House keepers. 1 Parlourmaid. 1 Charwoman. 1 Laundress. 4 dressmakers. 3 school teachers.
\n1 Innkeeper. 1 Post office assistant.

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1901 Census.
\nMARY ANNIE ALLINSON. unmarried age 16. general servant.
\nSARAH AUNGIERS. Married age 26. Schoolmistress.
\nMAGGIE BANKS. unmarried age 16. general servant.
\nELIZA BINKS. unmarried age 17. Domestic servant.
\nALICE DALE. unmarried age 40. Schoolteacher.
\nMARY DUNNINGTON. Married age 28. General servant.
\nGRACE ELLIOTT. unmarried age 35. Housekeeper.
\nANN GLEW. widow age 75. Farmer.
\nELIZA GOLDTHORPE. widow age 59. Housekeeper.
\nSARAH HUTTON. unmarried age 65. Housekeeper.
\nMARY IDLE. widow age 57. Domestic servant.
\nAGNES KINGWELL. Married age 33. Housekeeper.
\nANNIE LEATHLEY. unmarried age 43. Assistant Post mistress
\nMARY LEATHLEY. unmarried age 49. Postmistress.
\nEDITH LOFTHOUSE. unmarried age 21. Dressmaker.
\nLAURA METCALFE. unmarried age 19. Domestic servant.
\nMARY JANE MORLEY. Married age 33. Publican.
\nMARY RITSON. widow age 61. Farmer.
\nSARAH E. SAYER. unmarried age 60. Housekeepr.
\nGRACE SMORTHWAITE. unmarried age 43. Housekeeper.
\nANN MARIA TAYLOR. Married age 36. Shopkeeper/grocer.
\nMARTHA WOOD. unmarried age 16. General servant.

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7 domestic &, general servants. 6 Housekeepers. 2 schoolteachers.
\n2 Farmers. 2 Post office workers. 1 dressmaker. 1 Publican. 1 shopkeeper.

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1911 census.
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\nSARAH JANE ALLAN. Age 19. Domestic servant.
\nANN ASCOUGH. Age 54, Household duties.
\nMARY JANE ASCOUGH. u/m age 46 Dairywork.
\nHANNAH ASHBY. Age 46. Housework.
\nGLADYS ATKINSON. Single Age 17. Housekeeper.
\nSARAH ATKINSON. Married Age 44. Housework.
\nMARY ATLAY. Age 52. Household duties.
\nLETITIA BARKER. Widow. Age 43. Farmers widow.
\nEMMA BELLAMY. Age 50. Married. Assist. Publican.
\nKATE BELLERBY. Single age 19. Dressmaker.
\nANN BOLLAND. Age 33. Housework.
\nEMMA BOLTON. age 33. Helper on Farm.
\nMARY ELIZABETH CALVERT. Age 14. Kitchen Maid.
\nMARGARET CASH. Married age 44. Famers wife.
\nALICE HANNAH DALE. Age 50. Supplementary teacher.
\nELIZABETH DALE. Age 49. Household duties.
\nANNIE FOSTER. Married Age 44 Housework.
\nJANE FOSTER. Single 28 Housework &, Dairywork.
\nNELLIE FRANKLAND. married Age 24. Assistant Butcher.
\nWINIFRED GILL. Age 19. Shop Assistant.
\nA GLEW. Age 46. Assistant on farm.
\nMARY GRUNDY. Age 37. Housekeeper.
\nSARAH HAMMOND. Widow age 44. Farmer.
\nSARAH ANN HAMMOND. u/m age 21 Farm worker.
\nALICE ELLEN HARDCASTLE. Single age 21. Helper in house.
\nHARRIET HARDCASTLE. age 39. Household duties.
\nMARY ELLEN HARDCASTLE. Age 33. Housekeeper.
\nHILDA HENSON. Single. Age 18. Domestic general servant.
\nELIZABETH HESLINGTON. Married Age 48. Innkeeper.
\nLUCY HESLINGTON. Single age 19. Waitress in Inn.
\nBESSIE HUSON. Age 26. Cook.
\nALICE I’,ANSON. Age 36. Household duties.
\nMARY ETHEL INESON. age 26. Housekeeper.
\nJANE HANNAH JACKSON. Single.Age 23. Helper housework.
\nLILY JACKSON. Age 21 Domestic housemaid.
\nMARTHA JACKSON. Age 58 Housework.
\nMARGARET JAMES. Age 28. Parlourmaid.
\nELEANOR JANE LANCASTER. u/m age 15. Dairy work.
\nANNIE LEATHLEY. Age 53. Grocer.
\nANNIE LEATHLEY. Age 51. Household duties.
\nE.W.LEATHLEY. Age 34. Household duties.
\nMARY LEATHLEY. Age 59. Sub postmistress.
\nANN AMELIA LOFTHOUSE. Age 20. Dressmaker.
\nMARGARET ISABEL MAcDOUGAL. Age 27. Domestic nurse.
\nBERTHA MALTHOUSE. Age 27. Housework.
\nELIZABETH MARWOOD. Age 46. Domestic servant.
\nELIZABETH MITCHELL. Married age 41 Farmers wife.
\nANN MOORE. Age 32. Housework.
\nBARBARA ELIZABETH MOOREY. Widow Age 48. Dressmaker.
\nEMMA PARNELL. Age 73. Housekeeper.
\nH. PARKER. Age 56. Household duties &, on grassland.
\nEASTER ELIZABETH PICKLES. Age 14. Housework.
\nLUCY PICKLES. Age 38. Housework.
\nELLEN RICHMOND. Age 68. Help in house.
\nELIZABETH RICHMOND. Age 56. Help in house.
\nJANE RICHMOND. Age 26. Assistant Housekeeper.
\nSARAH ELIZABETH SAYER. Age 70. Household work.
\nSUSSANAH SAYER. Age 54. Household work.
\nGRACE SMARTHITT. Age 54. Domestic Housekeeper.
\nMARY ANNIE SMITH. Age 33. Housemaid.
\nELIZABETH SPENCER Age 23. Domestic servant.
\nMARY SPOONER. Age 18. Undernurse.
\nSARAH TALEN. age 67. Housekeeper.
\nELEANOR THACKRAY. Single. Age 21. Assistant waiting on.
\nELIZABETH THOMPSON. Married age 44. Farmers wife.
\nLILY THOMPSON. u/m age 23 Farm worker.
\nAMELIA THWAITES. Age 25. Housekeeper.
\nE.L.TOMLIN. Single Age 34. Assistant draper.
\nFRANCES TOMLIN. Married. Age 74. Draper.
\nANNIE AUGUSTA ELIZABETH TURNER. Age 54 Farmers wife.
\nEVELYN MARY ISABEL TURNER. u/m 19. Dairywork.
\nELLEN WAITE. Age 39. Housework.
\nIVY WAITE. Single age 16. Help with housework.
\nELLEN WALMSLEY. Age 40. Assistant farmer.
\nMAUD ALICE MARY WHITE. Age 21. Governess.