Grewelthorpe Inclosure Award

Grewelthorpe Inclosure Award.
The Inclosure Acts were a series of Acts of Parliament that empowered enclosure of open fields and common land in England and Wales, creating legal property rights to land that was previously held in common.

The Inclosure Act was applied to the Parish of Grewelthorpe in 1780/82. Within the Manor or Township of Grewelthorpe, in the Parish of Kirkby Malzeard, in the West Riding of the County of York, there are certain Moors, Commons or Waste Grounds, containing in estimation 1700 acres, commonly called or known by the several names of Grewelthorpe – High Moor, Low Moor, Outlay Potts and Bull Pinks. The Lord of the said Manor was Sir John Goodricke of Ribston. The Rev. Edward Moises was vicar of Masham & Kirkby Malzeard and so entitled to all Vicarial Tythes arising within the Township of Grewelthorpe.
The owners and proprietors of certain messuages, lands and tenements in the manor were listed as William Aislabie. Thomas Ascough. Marmaduke Theakstone.. Jeremiah Batley. John Dunne. esq. and Samuel Wrather. William Hardcastle. Thomas Beckwith. John Dixon. -Gentlemen. and divers other persons.
Commissioners Appointed. Richard Richardson. of Darlington. in the County of Durham. George Jackson. of Richmond in the County of York. Richard Beckwith. of Ripon in the County of York. These Gentlemen swore on oath that they would deal with the apportioning the said parcels of land , they would convene initially 3 meetings, followed by more public meetings, advertise in the newspapers, fixing a notice to the church door, telling the people that they were dealing with this Act.

Arbiters Appointed.
The Commissioners appointed the following as Arbiters to deal with any claims, objections & disputes. John Hardcastle. of Bedale. William Chaytor. of Spennithorne. Anthony Dawson. of Ripon.
Any of the moorland which was not good enough to be divided it was to be called a Stinted Pasture and left unenclosed.
A piece of land known as The Camp was allotted to William Aislabie. his heirs and assigns.
521 acres of land known as High Moor was deemed bad and not good enough to be divided into separate allotments and not be useful as stinted pasture. This land called Old Peat Moor, Langwith & Rakes. “shall remain open and unenclosed and be field and enjoyed by several persons interested thereon for the only purpose of getting peat, earth, ling, turves and stones.”
Naming the Roads.
On the area of land known as Low Moor the commissioners decreed that a public road should be made, 40 feet in breadth, between fences, leading from an ancient gate called Quarry Gate westward over the said Low Moor by Billy Keld and Foulgate Nook and so over Rakes and back to Kirkby Malzeard Common. This road to be known as Foulgate Nook Road.
Another public carriageway, 40 ft in breadth between the fences, leading from the Ancient Gate called Town End Gate North westward through and over Low Moor up Nutwith in the direction of William Danby esq liberty in Mashamshire. This road to be called Nutwith Road.
Another public carriageway or Highway, 40ft in breadth between the fences, leading from the North end of Masham Lane Northward through and over Low Moor. This road to be called Masham Turnpike Road.
A Private Road, 20 feet in breadth between the fences, for the use of the occupiers of several allotments adjoining, and also other users, leading from the South end of an Ancient Lane called Riddings Lane. South westward into Nutwith Road. This private road to be called Riddings Road.
Another Private Road branching out of Nutwith Road near the Town End Gate and leading Southward to the Quarry Gate this road to be called Nogyll End Road.
Another Private Road , 26.5ft in breadth ,between the fences for use of the occupiers of several allotments adjoining and for other uses as before, branching out from Foulgate Nook Road at the North East corner of an allotment awarded to John Thwaites and leading westwards to an Ancient Gate at the South East corner of an ancient enclosure belonging to Jane Hodgson called Near Newlaid to be called Hutts Road.
Quarries & Watering Places.
Land on Low Moor 3 roods and 22 perches. Near to Nogyll End to be used as a Common Quarry. To be used for the purpose of getting stone. gravel and other materials for the repair of the new public and private roads. Also for repairing buildings, houses and allotments and for repairing the Ancient Roads in Grewelthorpe.

Land on Low Moor bounded East by Nogyll End and West by William Atkinson’s allotment and nearly North by John Geldart’s allotment and South by Foulgate Nook Road. to be made from waste and common land a Town End Quarry.

Also 2 roods of land on Low Moor to be used as a common watering place, situated on Nutwith side, and bounded East and West, North and South by Samuel Wrather’s land. and Nutwith Road. This to be called Jockey Well watering place.

Some of the names of fields and where known the situation and name of the occupier as found in the Inclosure Awards.
ALLANSON ELIZABETHBilly Keld. & Outlay Potts near Mickley Common.

ASCOUGH THOMASCrodget Ways. near to Foulgate Nook Road.

ATKINSON WILLIAMPitt Hills. near Nutwith Rd and Hutts Rd.

BAIN WILLIAM’S WIDOW.Turf Bank. on High Moor. also Holmn Bank. near Nutwith Road.

BAIN. LADY ELEANOR.Richmond Hough. south of Hutts Rd.

Thieves Gill. near to the Hackfall Estate.

Research started Nov. 2018. To be continued.

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